1.用作副词,注意以下用法:(1)表示让步,意为“无论如何”“不管怎样”,用来修饰形容词或副词,其词序为:however+形容词或副词+主语+谓语。这样用的however其实具有连词的功能,用以引导一个让步状语从句。如:Howevermuchheeats,henevergetsfat.不管他吃多少,

however什么意思,however到底怎么用?

1. 用作副词,注意以下用法:

(1) 表示让步,意为“无论如何”“不管怎样”,用来修饰形容词或副词,其词序为:however+形容词或副词+主语+谓语。这样用的however其实具有连词的功能,用以引导一个让步状语从句。

如:

However much he eats, he never gets fat.

不管他吃多少,他永远吃不胖。

However cold it is, he always goes swimming.

不管天有多冷,他都去游泳。

However far it is, I intend to drive there tonight.

不管有多远,我今晚也要开车到那儿去。

这样用的 however 与 no matter how 大致同义。

如:

No matter how much he eats, he never gets fat.

No matter how cold it is, he always goes swimming.

No matter how far it is, I intend to drive there tonight.

有时从句谓语可用情态动词。

如:

Don’t laugh, however funny it may be.

无论多么有趣也不要笑。

I’ll try to finish it in time, however hard it may be.

无论多么难,我也要按时完成。

另外,“however+形容词或副词+主语+谓语”有时可以有所省略。

如:

I refuse, however favourable the conditions. 不管条件如何有利,我都不干。(conditions后省去了are)

I’d rather have a room of my own, however small (it is), than share a room.

无论房间多么小,我宁愿一个人住一间,而不愿意与别人合住一个房间。

A grammar rule, however true (it is), is useless unless it can be understood.

一条语法规则,不管如何正确,除非能懂,否则毫无用处。




(2) 表示转折,尤其用于谈及一个既成事实时,表示转折,其意为“可是”“仍然”等。可放在句首、句中或句末,通常用逗号与句子其他成分隔开。

如:

My father, however, did not agree.

但是,我父亲不同意。

My room is small; however, it’s comfortable.

我的房间很小,但却很舒服。

He said that it was so; he was mistaken, however.

他说情况如此,可是他错了。

注意,however不能像 but(但是)那样直接连接两个句子(注意正句中的标点符号)。

如:

我们都已尽了最大的努力,不过我们还是输了。

误:We all tried our best, however we lost the game.

正:We all tried our best, but we lost the game.

正:We all tried our best; however, we lost the game.

正:We all tried our best. However, we lost the game.




(3) 表示惊奇或强调,相当于how ever的用法,其意为“究竟怎样,到底以什么方式”。

如:

However did you get here without a car?

没有汽车你究竟是怎样来的呢?

However does he manage to write music when he is so deaf?

他聋成这个样子,究竟是怎样从事作曲的呢?


2. 用作连词,引导方式状语从句,表示“无论以何种方式”“不管怎样”。

如:

However it may be, I shall take your word.

无论如何,我将会相信你的话。

The painting looks wrong however you look at it.

这张画不论怎么看都显得不对劲。

However you travel, it’ll take you at least two days.

无论你怎么个走法,至少要两天时间。


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